What Is Hypomania?

What Is Hypomania?Hypomania describes a mood state for individuals with bipolar disorder; it is a feeling of heightened happiness and self-confidence.

Hypomania and Bipolar Disorder

For individuals with bipolar disorder, hypomania is a state of increased satisfaction, multiple ideas and intense happy feelings. Since bipolar disorder is characterized by episodes of shifting moods, the state of hypomania may progress into a period of depression or a period of mania, which is more intense and less controlled than hypomania.

Characteristics of hypomania include episodes of high energy levels and impulsive behavior. There are three categories of bipolar disorder, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Hypomania typically occurs in two of the three types, according to the following descriptions of the disease:

  • Bipolar Type I—describes individuals who experience periods of major depression but have had at least one manic episode; previously known as manic depression
  • Bipolar Type II—describes individuals who experience periods of hypomania that are not as extreme as mania; these individuals also experience periods of depression
  • Cyclothymia—describes individuals with a mild form of bipolar disorder; involves less extreme mood swings; people in this category may alternate between hypomania and mild depression

While hypomania may seem pleasurable to individuals with bipolar disorders, it can quickly cycle into a dangerous level of mania or depression.

Signs of Hypomania

The symptoms of a hypomanic episode are similar to a manic episode, but they are less extreme, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Some common signs include the following:

  • Poor judgment
  • More likely to be angry or agitated
  • Lack of self-control (over eating, sex, spending money)
  • More active and energetic
  • Less need for sleep
  • Distracted easily
  • Periods of fast-talking

If you or a loved one is exhibiting these symptoms, seek professional treatment for bipolar disorder.

Treating Bipolar Disorder

A combination of medication and behavioral therapy is used to treat bipolar disorder. While it is not possible to cure the disease, medical professionals work with individuals to keep mood swings to a minimum and to avoid major disruptions to daily living. Mood stabilizers are commonly prescribed for bipolar sufferers, but other classes of drugs may be needed, such as antipsychotic and anti-anxiety drugs. Antidepressants also are used, but since they may bring on a manic state, they are used less frequently and in combination with mood stabilizers.

Need Help Finding Treatment for Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a treatable disease with good outcomes for individuals who follow recommended protocols. If you or a loved one is suffering from bipolar disorder, please call our toll-free number. We are here to help and offer information about the disease and treatment options. Call us today. We are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.